I think that it is a perfectly valid idea to start at the end and allow users to swipe through chronologically. The main concern is that the user is unaware that they can swipe to view more data.
Adding some forward and back buttons to a fixed UI element that also displays the date for the currently displayed data would let users discover that there is more data than just the current day available. When used, these buttons could trigger the swipe to give the user a visual clue that the pages can in fact be swiped.
You can see an example of this exact functionality when viewing your timeline by day in the Google Maps app (you need to have enabled location tracking). Like in the Maps timeline, you should consider letting the user manually select a date from a datepicker to navigate directly to the day they wish to view.
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